Monday, February 17, 2020


17 February 2020: These days, much of the "let's fix the world" talk/advice/"wisdom" deals with recycling and re-purposing. Surely, it's a great idea and one worth following when possible. The younger generation acts as if they discovered/invented it and yet, here is evidence that the ancient Egyptians were re-purposing and recycling routinely 3500 years ago. The following is from ABC News recently.

Man finds 3,400-year-old Egyptian anchor during his morning swim

Rafi Bahalul found the artifact off the coast of Israel. 

Rafi Bahalul was taking a morning swim off the shores of Atlit, Israel, when he spotted hieroglyphs in the seabed.

"I saw it, kept on swimming for a few meters, then realized what I had seen and dived down to touch it," Bahalul told Haaretz. "It was like entering an Egyptian temple at the bottom of the Mediterranean."

 Bahalul had discovered a 3,400-year-old Egyptian stone anchor, confirmed by Jacob Sharvit, head of the Israel Antiquities Authority's maritime archaeology unit.

The anchor is currently on loan from the Israel Antiquities Authority to the Israel Museum in Jerusalem and is on display as part of its Emoglyphs: Picture-Writing from Hieroglyphs to the Emoji exhibition. 

Emoglyphs is the study of the transformation of picture writing from Egyptian hieroglyphs, developed some 5,000 years ago, to the 'emojis' of the 21st Century.

Shirly Ben Dor Evian, curator of Emoglyphs, said the stone would have initially been part of a larger, ornate wall relief. Repurposed as an anchor, it was cut from the relief and drilled with a hole to attach a rope. 

"The stone was discovered by chance -- spotted on the seabed by a swimmer," Ben Dor Evian told ABC News and said the relic is still being researched. "The Egyptian relief was reused as a stone anchor on a ship sailing the Mediterranean coast," she said.

Addressing the mystery of how the Egyptian relic was found off the coast of Israel, Ben Dor Evian proposed that it was separated from an Egyptian ship sailing the Mediterranean coast, perhaps lost in a shipwreck.

"The ship crew must have lost the anchor or the ship was shipwrecked," she said, adding that whether or not the anchor can contribute to a new understanding of ancient Egyptian life is "still under research."

The site where Bahalul made the chance discovery, just south of Haifa, was already known to archaeologists, according to the Jerusalem Post

Depicted on the stone are the hands of Seshat, the Goddess of Writing, Ben Dor Evian said. An accompanying inscription reads, "mistress of the house of books."

I hope you didn't expect to see a picture of a traditional "old fashioned" anchor;
Image result for origin of old fashioned anchor the ancients clearly had not yet got there, but a large rock wrapped in rope or, as in this case, a piece of stone originally used for something else would answer nicely as long as it was heavy enough. The "traditional" anchors evolved over thousands of years, going through wood (yes wood,though it was weighted with stone and later, lead) eventually to iron and then, around the 15th or 16th century, to the form we think of as an "old fashioned" anchor. Interestingly, anchors were relatively light because the windlass/winch had yet to come along and to augment the lightness, ships used as many as eight or ten anchors, depending on the conditions. Modern anchors i.e Danforth, CQR, plows etc did not come along until the 20th century.

Until next time, 
                                Fair Winds,
                                     Old Salt

Sunday, February 9, 2020


9 February 2020: Back in September 2019, a 656' car carrier named Golden Ray  headed out to sea from the Port of Brunswick with a cargo of 4,200 Kias and Hyundais. The 25,000-ton ship was executing a right turn around 1:30 a.m. through the St. Simons Sound when the ship’s hull began listing heavily.
The Golden Ray then rolled over onto its port side, running aground in the ocean bed of the St. Simons Sound just south of the federal shipping channel that serves the port. Those in the know said this final resting place for the Golden Ray was no accident. They credit veteran Port of Brunswick Harbor Pilot Jonathan “T.J.” Tennant with intentionally guiding the ship toward a grounding outside of the port’s vital shipping lane.
While certainly a tourist attraction, she is also an obvious hazard to navigation and has to be removed. The question is how. CNN offers the following piece on that question and it's really quite amazing. 

Golden Ray before....

If you live in Georgia near the Golden Ray, a 656-foot long cargo ship that has been on its side in St. Simons Sound for five months, get ready for some noise.

Apparently, a good bit of noise.

"There's no way to remove the Golden Ray without making noise -- there's no way around it," said Kevin Perry of Gallagher Marine Systems. "... We appreciate everyone's patience with the noise levels as we work to remove this wreck as quickly and safely as possible."

At a news conference Friday (7 Feb), he said the sounds will be like hammering you might hear from a construction site.

Officials hope to have the removal of the car carrier completed by the height of the Atlantic basin hurricane season, which begins June 1. The Golden Ray capsized September 8, and has been on its side and half submerged since.

The work to put up an environmental barrier will start the middle of this month and will only take place during the daylight, officials said. The final product will include a large floating boom to skim pollutants from the surface and netting to stop debris.

But then the ship, which still has more than 4,000 cars on it [now there's a deal for someone!- ed], will be cut into eight giant pieces with a giant diamond-cutting chain suspended from a lift vessel, officials said.

Once the sawing starts, it won't stop, and they think it will take 24 hours for each cut.

"That means noise through the night during some ... periods," said John Maddox, Georgia Department of Natural Resources on-scene coordinator.

The VB-10,000 vessel will be an interesting addition to the view from shore.

It comprises two metal towers, about 240 feet tall, each connected to a barge and to each other at the top. A crane will remove the sections after they have brackets attached to the side, the vessel will move, and the crane will put each section on a barge, which will take them to a recycling facility.

 Here's what the process looks like (animation): Click here

The sections will be wrapped to contain debris, T&T Salvage said in a presentation. Anything that falls to the sea floor will be picked up with magnets or grabs.

How's that for ingenuity! We will more than likely find more on this amazing recovery operation as the winter gives way to spring and will be sure to bring it to you.

Until next time, 
                                              Fair Winds, 
                                                    Old Salt